colour wheels

Primary Colours: Primary colours consist of three different colours; red, blue and yellow.

Secondary Colours: Secondary colours are created by mixing two or more secondary colours together, for example:

Red + Green = Yellow
Green + Blue = Cyan
Blue + Red = Magenta

Tertiary Colours; Tertiary colours can be made by mixing a primary colour with a secondary colour

Cyan + Blue = Azure
Blue + Magenta = Violet
Magenta + Red = Rose
Yellow + Green = Chartreuse
Green + Cyan = Spring green

Warm and Cool colours; Warm colours are colours which if painted in a room can make it feel warmer such as reds and oranges, cool colours can make things feel cold such as light blues and green etc.

Tints, Shades and Tones; A tint is a shade of a colour which has been mixed with white which makes it appear lighter. A shade is when you mix a colour with black, this increases the darkness of a colour, adding black or white to a colour gives it a chrome looking affect and it does not change the hue of a colour. Tone refers to how pure a colour is, for example red on its own is just pure red, but it could also be mixed with yellow.

Triadic Colour Scheme; A triadic colour scheme uses three different colours which are equally spaced around the colour wheel, this method of using colour is very popular among artists as it offers a high contrast when looking at them, but because they are equally spaced on the colour wheel they look more harmonious and work well together.

Split Complimentary; This is when you take one main colour on the colour wheel and take the two adjacent colours. This type of colour scheme is a good option for beginners as it is difficult to mess up.

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