Category Archives: Editing for new media

Shot Reverse Shot

Shot reverse shot is a film technique where one character is shown looking at another character, and then the other character is shown looking back at the first character. Since the characters are shown facing in opposite directions, the viewer expects that they are looking at each other.


Dissolve

Citizen Kane, 1941 by Orson Welles

At the start of the clip there is an obvious dissolve shot where the rain is dissolved into another part of a scene.


Crosscut

A corner in wheat, 1909 by D.W Griffith

There are a number of crosscut shots in this movie where scenes are compared to each other a number of times.


Cutaway

Persona, 1966 by Ingmar Bergman

In this movie there can be seen a great amount of cutaway shots. At one point we can see a number of random clips until the female actually wakes up and we find that she is dreaming.


Jump Cut

Breathless, 1960 by Jean-Luc Godard

There is a number of hump cuts in this movie. One prominent jump cut is when the female is going up the escalator to meet someone, whilst she’s on the escalator is when we the the jump cut to a point where she’s actually meeting the man.


Continuity editing

Continuity editing is a primary style of editing in narrative cinema and television. The main purpose of continuity editing is to make the inherent discontinuity of the editing process and to establish a logical coherence between shots.
In most films, logical coherence is made by cutting to continuity, which makes clear smooth transition of time and space. However, some films take cutting to continuity into a more complicated classical cutting technique, one which also tries to show psychological continuity of shots. The montage technique takes on symbolic association of ideas between shots rather than association of simple physical action for its continuity.

Continuity editing is known as a state of editing in narrative television and cinema. The idea is to create a smooth flowing film and logical coherence through shots.
An example of one film which uses continuity editing is the matrix.

In this scene the character Neo goes from a shot from the side where he is opening his jacket to a frontal shot where you get to see what is behind his jacket, which in this case would be his guns.

In this scene, the character Neo hits the guard forward and then it changes to a back shot which gives a good continuity shot.


Establishing shot – Lord of the Rings